The figure scares environmentalists:2011 global fossil fuel subsidies were $523 billion, almost 30% higher than in 2010 while renewable energy subsidies totalled $88 billion (IEA).
a) Global subsidies in cents per Kwh produced were: Nuclear 1.7, Fossil fuels 0.8, and Renewables (excluding hydro): c5.00/Kwh!!!!!
In US, per unit of electricity produced, coal is the least subsidised source of electricity. Nuclear power and natural gas obtain around US$20 per MWh generated. Renewables, excluding hydro power, receive roughly five times more – an average of US$100 per MWh. In comparison to this, subsidies for coal-based energy were less than US$1 per MWh (IEA World Energy Outlook 2010, IEA Key World Energy Statistics 2010)
d) In the US: The Congressional Research Service (CRS) conducted two studies analysing fossil fuel and renewable subsidies—one in April and one in May 2011. From those studies, in 2009, renewable energy subsidies were 49 times greater than fossil fuel subsidies when evaluated on a Btu (British thermal unit) basis of production. On a straight amount-of-subsidy basis, renewable fuels received over 6 times more tax revenue dollars than fossil fuels received, as estimated by the Joint Tax Committee. Renewables received a 77 percent share of total federal energy incentives in 2009, while fossil fuels received a 13 percent share but produced more than 7 times the energy.
Basic economic principles also dictate that fossil fuel subsidies given by Iran, Saudi Arabia, Russia, China and India are generated by the revenues that the countries receive from energy sold worldwide or from their budget surplus. This is excess revenue distribution.
Renewable subsidies in Europe and US are granted by adding debt and deficit to the budgets of the countries. These renewable subsidies are not excess revenue distribution, but higher debt creation, even if we account and deduct these countries’ “oil burden”.
Any economist anywhere would understand the principle of re-distributing wealth versus increasing debt. That is the difference between the vast majority of fossil fuel subsidies and the renewable ones.